Mulching

Mulching means covering the ground with a layer of loose material such as compost, manure, straw, dry grass, leaves or crop residues. Green vegetation is not normally used as it can take a long time to decompose and can attractpests and fungal diseases.

 Mulches have several effects on the soil which help to improve plant growth:

• Decreasing water loss due to evaporation

• Reducing weed growth by reducing the amount of light reaching the soil

• Preventing soil erosion

• Increasing the number of micro-organisms in the top soil

• Adding nutrients to the soil and improving soil structure

• Adding organic matter to the soil

Alternative mulching materials include black plastic sheeting or cardboard. However obviously these materials do not add nutrients to the soil or improve its structure.

More in this category: « Bio Farming